Latest Statistics: State of Jammu & Kashmir Economy
Jammu, March 5- The Economic Survey as tabled by the Finance Minister Mr Abdul Rahim Rather today in both the Houses of legislature is full of positive developments with the State showing marked improvements in all the development parameters. These are briefly summarized as under.
The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of the State is continuously growing. As per new series i.e. 2004-2005, it has grown from Rs. 27004.63 crore to Rs. 47709.31 crore during the period from 2004-2005 to 2010-2011 at current prices, registering an increase of 76.67%. At constant (2004-2005) prices, the GSDP has risen from Rs. 27004.63 crore to Rs.37886.92 crore during the same period registering an increase of 40.30%.
The working force in J&K constitutes 37.01% of total population against the corresponding rate of 39.10% in the country. The State is neck to neck in respect of work force with national rate.
Contribution of Primary Sector (Agriculture & allied activities) to the State economy at constant (2004-2005) prices as per advance estimated for 2009-10 has been 22.63%. The relative share of this sector to GDP at national level for the year 2009-10 has been 16.99%.
Contribution of Secondary sector to State GDP as per advance estimates for 2009-2010 was 29.55% against 25.84% at the national level for the same year.
Contribution of Tertiary Sector to State GDP as per advance estimates for 2009-2010 was 47.82% against 57.17% at the national level for the year 2009-2010.
The Per capita GSDP at constant (2004-2005) prices as per preliminary estimates for the year 2010-2011 was Rs.32496 registering an increase of 5.21% over per capita GSDP of Rs. 30886 for 2009-2010. The relative per capita income figures for India stood at Rs. 38060 for 2009-2010 and Rs. 36005 for 2008-2009.
Agriculture constitutes an important sector of the State economy as around 70% of the population of J&K derives its income directly or indirectly from this sector.
Agriculture absorbs 49% of the total working force of the State with 42% as cultivators and 7% as agriculture labourers depending directly on agriculture for their livelihood.
Kashmir’s agriculture has an international identity. The worlds best saffron is grown in the Valley and its major intensity is in District Pulwama and Budgam. Nearly 98% of total area in the State under the crop is cultivativable in Kashmir division only. Its cultivation in Jammu division is limited to district Kishtwar only.
Horticulture is emerging as a fast growing sector in the State. Its importance can be visualized by its contribution to the State’s economy which is estimated around 7-8%.
Almost 45% economic returns in agriculture sector are accounted for by horticulture produce. 5 lakh families comprising of 30 lakh people are involved in horticulture trade.
Fruit production of the State increased from 16.91 lakh metric tones in 2008-2009 to 17.13 lakh metric tones in 2009-2010, recording an increase of 1.30%. For the current year, the State expects fruit production of 22.22 lakh metric tones to register notable increase of 29.71% over previous year’s production figures. Out of total fruit production for 2009-2010, 15.35 lakh tones constituting 90% was fresh fruit and the remaining 10% dry fruit. In the fruit production figures share of apple accounted for 86.17% and walnut with 9.64% share, is the next major fruit.
As per provisional estimates of 18th livestock census 2007, total livestock population in the State has increased from 98.99 lakh in 2003 to 104.73 lakhs in 2007, registering an increase of 5.8%.
The number of livestock per 1000 of human population as per livestock census 2007 was 882 animals while as at all India level the number was only 457, as per livestock census 2003.
Per capita forest area accounts for 0.17 hectares as compared to 0.07 hectares in the country.
The industrial sector of the J&K State comprising of manufacturing sector (both registered & unregistered), Construction, Electricity, Water supply and Gas and Mining & Quarrying is growing slowly. Overall contribution of Industrial Sector to GSDP has risen from 27.33% in 2004-2005 to 29.55% in 2007-2008.
The contribution of Manufacturing sector (both registered & un-registered) in GSDP of J&K is increasing day by day and has increased from 3.8% in 1999-00 to 7.17% in 2007-2008. Taking individually, the manufacturing sector. Registered contributes 2.65% and un-registered contributes 4.42% to GSDP of the State.
The contribution of Construction sector to GSDP in the J&K State is also increasing over the years and has increased from 11.60% in 1999-00 to 18.12% in 2009-2010. The construction sector is growing significantly which is evident from the fact that its contribution to GSDP has substantially increased during the period from 1999-00 to 2009-2010.
Exports of handicrafts have also maintained upward trend during the years. Handicraft goods valuing Rs. 1200.00 crore were exported during year 2007-2008. However, there was a decline in export sales to Rs. 705.50 crore during the year 2008-2009, which further declined to Rs. 661.27 crore during 2009-2010.
Handloom industry also occupies a premier position in the State’s economy. There are approximately 37000 handlooms in the State, out of which Kashmir Valley is having a share of about 70%.
The influx of tourists to J&K has increased from 28.35 lakh in 1988 to 77.18 lakh in 2008, showing an increase of 172.19% in tourist rush during the last two decades.
Crude Birth Rate of 18.6 per milli of J&K State is also lower than the national level birth rate of 22.5 per milli for 2009.
Average population per Doctor during the period from 1950-2009, has decreased from 17683 to 2273.
Population covered per school in the State was 539 in 2008-09 against 871 persons in 2006-2007 at the national level.
Teacher pupil ratio at primary level in the State in 2008-2009 was 128 against 45 in 2006-07 at the national level.
Census 2001 has revealed that 55% households live permanent houses. 32.15% in semi-permanent houses and 12.85% were living in temporary houses, and the relative position in India was 51.80%, 30.04% and 18.16% respectively. Categorizing the households living in owned, rented and other categories, works out to be 93%, 5% and 2% for J&K and 87%, 11% and 2% respectively for India. These figures also depict good position for the State as compared to All India.
During 2009-2010, 3379.489 MWs energy was generated as against 1658.590 MWs for 2008-09 thereby registering growth of 103.76%.